Personal injury law is one of the largest divisions of the legal field. Also known as “tort” law (derived from a Latin word meaning to twist, wrong, or harm), it addresses cases of wrongdoing where a plaintiff is seeking compensation for the harm caused by the defendant. Many personal injury cases involved the doctrine of negligence, which “requires every member of society to act responsibly and avoid putting others at risk”. If you’re unsure if your case involves any of the four following sources of injury, you may be a victim of negligence and will want to contact a personal injury lawyer.
- Car Accidents: The highest number of personal injury cases in the U.S. (52%) are attributed to car accidents. If someone isn’t following the rules of the road, isn’t driving as carefully as they should be, or is impaired due to drugs or alcohol, you may be eligible for a personal injury claim. Careless drivers can be held financially responsible for injuries caused by the accident, although some states impose “no fault” rules where drivers need to collect from their insurers (except in cases of “serious” injuries).
- Medical Malpractice: If a healthcare professional fails to provide competent and reasonably skilled care and a patient is injured as a result, medical malpractice claims can arise. Due to their very nature, they are some of the most complex types of personal injury cases to take on.
- Slip and Fall: Premises liability laws state that property owners have a legal duty to keep their premises safe and hazard-free. Each case is unique depending on the circumstances and extent of the injury — not all lead to liabilities.
- Dog Bites: Dog owners are responsible for their pet’s behavior when injury occurs; however, the exact laws vary from state to state. Some have a “one bite” rule, which gives leeway in terms of punishment to the animal itself: it has to have a history of aggressive behavior or past bites. Others have strict liability rules that hold the owner responsible regardless of its history.
If you’ve been hurt in these ways, it may be time to contact a personal injury lawyer or attorney.